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Tsinghua Science and Technology  2015, Vol. 20 Issue (4): 327-335    doi: 10.1109/TST.2015.7173449
SPECIAL SECTION ON CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS     
The Integration of CPS, CPSS, and ITS: A Focus on Data
Wei Guo,Yi Zhang,Li Li*
∙ Wei Guo is with the Department of Automation, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. E-mail: guo-w11@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn.
∙ Yi Zhang and Li Li are with the Department of Automation, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China and the Jiangsu Province Collaborative Innovation Center of Modern Urban Traffic Technologies, SiPaiLou #2, Nanjing 210096, China. E-mail: zhyi@tsinghua.edu.cn.
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Abstract  

Cyber-Physical System (CPS) and Cyber-Physical-Social System (CPSS) computing are now challenging existing research in many realms, including Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). In this survey, we highlight some advances in the coevolution of CPS, CPSS, and ITS, with an emphasis on traffic data. We first explain the hierarchical architecture of CPS-ITS in terms of five layers: perception, communication, computing, control, and application. Then, we analyze the characteristics of traffic data in CPS-ITS, and enumerate some new technologies for data operation and management. Two typical cases of CPS-ITS, vehicular-communication-based traffic control systems and smart parking systems, are illustrated to describe how CPS is changing our lives and influencing the development of future ITS.



Key wordsintelligent transportation systems      Cyber-Physical System (CPS)      Cyber-Physical-Social System (CPSS)      big data     
Received: 09 June 2015      Published: 15 August 2015
Corresponding Authors: Li Li   
Cite this article:

Wei Guo,Yi Zhang,Li Li. The Integration of CPS, CPSS, and ITS: A Focus on Data. Tsinghua Science and Technology, 2015, 20(4): 327-335.

URL:

http://tst.tsinghuajournals.com/10.1109/TST.2015.7173449     OR     http://tst.tsinghuajournals.com/Y2015/V20/I4/327

Fig. 1 The architecture of CPS-ITS.
Fig. 2 A depiction of i-VICS.
Fig. 3 Depiction of smart parking systems.
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